Excitement on the bush when the swarm comes out
Author of the text
Srba Madić, Đura Daničića 64, Kikinda 23300, 0230 / 504-994
GOOD HEALTH OF THE DOMAIN
The people have very nice habits in the form of toasts, so when a guest comes to the host, he brings a handful of desires. These desires primarily relate to good health, long life, good mood, and then to increase the wealth, that the squad is multiplied, that the sheep of the lambs, the bees are born, and so on.
In recent years, I often hear from individual beekeepers, and from people in science to get rid of the toothache “BEDS YOU WOULD LIKE”. They advocate that this in modern beekeeping is not only not desirable, but also harmful. They think that when a bee company enters the roots of the instinct, that society has nothing of that year, that is, that year that society was lost. With this article I want to point out the facts that say the opposite and to confirm that the toast that used to be in the past is valid in the present and will continue in the future.
Let’s start with questions:
1. Why are bees born?
2. When is it born?
3. Do you let them be born?
Immediately to point out that the whole bee of society on one bee has never been born.
By the first question: bees are born because it is their most natural way of reproduction, or survival.
By the second question: Bees are born when they are healthy, when they are strong, so there is a problem in the hive and when there is grazing in the environment. So, please, who does not like the bee’s bees healthy, strong and that there are pastures in the area. It is true that it is harder to work with powerful bee communities, but this is why it is a multiple gain.
On the third question: The most elusive moment on one bee is the moment when a swarm comes out of a hive. This is the most delightful procession in which the whole beekeeper participates.
The excitement of all the bee’s society on one bee does not last more than ten minutes, and sometimes shorter. The outbreak of the swarm from the hive takes place lightning.
Within fifteen seconds, fifteen, and sometimes thousands of bees, came out of the hive. Then form a procession in the form of a small cloud that waves in front of the apiary, at one point it rises to 5-6 meters in height, to immediately descend to the ground, then circle in the shape of an ellipse, in the shape of a twisted eighth, then In the form of a spiral, and then all the branches in the vicinity. During this time, the whole environment is filled with a scary odor on flowers and honey. While a joyous procession takes place, a large part of the honeybee excursions returning from the pasture with dust, honey, propolis, forget their habitats, or they do not return to their hives but join the happy group, and so the procession is more massive and exciting.
So if the whole beekeeper enjoys such an ecstatic act, why should not we join and enjoy their unique enthusiasm.
When the mass reaches the peak of excitement, one of them is caught on a selected branch near the apiary and quickly everything calms down and dries up. Roy is now in a state of rest in the form of a cluster that can last up to 2-3 hours, sometimes longer. The bees in the cluster are so calm, so mild, forgetting at anger, forgetting the dangers. If we fold our hands, we can grab them with fists like some kind of grain and transfer them to a prepared hive. It is a unique case that happens and needs to be seen and felt.
Now, while the groom rests hanging on the branch, I said that it can stay for a couple of hours; during that time, the selected seekers or scouts in all directions are sent out from the vicinity in search of a new, comfortable home. When all scouts come back from the field, each one separately submits a report on his findings. BEAUTY COMMUNITY or BEAUTY COUNCIL, so to speak, who is in charge of selecting a site collects all the information and decides for the safest location. After agreeing on the location selection, they cluster the cluster lightning, separate from the branch, make a semicircular turn to the sky and disappear without even understanding the exact direction in which they left.
All of the above described refers to the swarm of the firstborn. Everything is played very organized. The old queen is leaving with the firstborn.
If the beekeeper did not react in the meantime, I mean, he did not shake the swarm in the prepared hive, then that swarm of bees was lost to the beekeeper. If this were not to happen on a honeybee, there should always be an empty hive to accept the eventual swarm.
If we accepted the swarm, which is the most common case, and placed it in an empty hive, then we will take out one frame with a young litter from another hive and place it in the middle of the accepted swarm. This is for safety reasons, because if a bee SAVET or a location selection committee finds that some of the reconnaissance finds a better and safer location than the one we offered, and if we did not put a frame with a young litter, they would leave our hive and go backwards. Assuming that we have done everything right, we have now accepted a swarm and we have a hive from which the swarm came out, which we will call the old. We practically have two hives, but both of them are weakened for the next grazing. The question is: What now? We will remember from the beginning of the heaviness that the bees are born when they are strong. This means that at the time we have plenty of material for the help of weaker communities. We will open a couple of hives from which we will take a ram-two with a closed litter and put them in the swarm. In this way, we will bring the swarm into a productive state. He will not be born again. The stork from which the swarm came out can not be strengthened, because it has more than 50 closed and open matrices. In 5-6 days, a second-born swarm will come out of it, and later a swarm of a trefoil. Subsequent swarms leaving the stork are unorganized, unnoticed, go with a significantly smaller number of bees, and with more untreated nuts. Of these swarms it has more damage than benefits. In some cases, it is so much weakening the old woman to question her survival. If that were not to happen, we will make a few nucleuses from the stark, to expand the apiary or the market. The nuts of the mother’s nurseries are of high quality because they are produced in the most powerful bee-keeping societies under the most favorable conditions. And while some argue that the nuts from the root of the urge are prone to further birth, this is absolutely not true, it is a big misconception.
Immediately to note that I am sure that the nutmeg producers offering selection nuts offer very high quality nuts and that the purchased nuts significantly shorten the time for the expansion of the apiary. Each manufacturer strives to offer the best to the market in order to gain customer confidence. Therefore, when there is not enough time to produce queen bees, it can freely buy them from renowned manufacturers and will not be deceived.
Let’s go back to the nucleuses. Since at that time there are plenty of help materials and nucleuses we will help with one to two frames of closed litter that we take from production companies. At the place of the seized frames with a litter, we add the hourly bases, thus employing young bees, raising the mood and preventing further birth.
But that’s not all. Here’s another way that we are pleased that a hive is given to us. If we notice that some of the production companies are releasing young bees underneath the net in the confinement, it is a sure sign that the company will leave the company in a few days. Further, if we notice in a society a lot of riveted matrices, it also means that from that society, which day will come out of the swarm. Then, if we hear that PEVA’s mother is in a society, that means that out of that society will come out of the society tomorrow. So if we do not like the swarm coming out, here’s the way to prevent it. The pile for which we have determined that we are going to be born back up by about 80 centimeters. Place an empty extension with its footer in its place. Leave two bars about 60 centimeters in length, and the other ends of the leaf are relying on the ground. The strips are spaced about 30 centimeters on the fly and on the ground about 60. Let’s transfer the canvas (not important color) through which we will shake the bees from the frames. Now we approach the shifted hive, remove the third extension and place it on the overturned cover. From the second continuation, we practice the frame with the fruit. If we see a nut on a frame, we place this frame together with the bees and the nut in the middle of the empty extension. If we did not see the nut, then in the middle we put a frame with a young litter of untouched bees from that frame. All the rest of the space in this sequel is filled out with hourly basics (nine hourly bases). Through the first extension, we put the second one that we also fill now with 10 hour bases. Through the second extension, we put the jam and the lid.
Now we practice the other frames from the fetal attachments and shake the bees from these frames to the canvas in front of the hive.
We place the frame with the fruit in the prepared empty bits and cover the bees not collecting on them. When we shake off the fetus, we do the same with the medial frames from the third continuation. By this we created a hive that has only two bits and a lot of bees, over 40 thousand. These bees realize that they are completely natural and behave. We know that natural swarm has great potential, and this is a great swarm. Since there are little litter in this super-swarm, all bees are accepted for the construction of honeycombs, and for only a week or two in this hive will be perfectly built all the honeycomb, will be filled with honey and closed, it is understood depending on grazing opportunities. If by any chance there was a sudden break of pasture (sudden cooling, city, long rain) then this society must be saved much.
After ten to fifteen days, we will remove from the middle of the second extension of the hive 5-6 honey racks and place them with matured fruits, so that the age structure of the bee is not disturbed, which is very important for the next grazing. At the same time, we will also place the third extension with empty frames.
Now we are returning to the frames from which we have wiped the bees. On them is a fruit, honey, pollen and a lot of nurseries. It is an excellent material for the help of weaker societies and for the formation of nuclei. It is understood from the stronger hives that bees, without a nut, be taken into the prepared nucleuses. It should be taken into account here that all fruits with the fruit in the nuclei must be covered with bees, and each nucleus must have one or more nodules. If these nuclei stay on the apiary, then they need to add two to three hundred grams of drinking water, because the excursions will return to their hives. That’s why it’s best to transfer these nuclei to 5-6 kilometers in the straight line of the apiary and to put in place a common pox.
From this it follows that even here, with a little work we profit, and that we have not reduced the number and the strength of productive societies, and we have expanded the bee with several nucleuses. Therefore, energy should be directed towards the creation of strong bee communities, so let it be delivered, and not in the fear of birth, that you should not even allow them to strengthen. Only powerful societies are able to exploit the short and tumultuous pastures that we have encountered in recent decades. We can have close to a thousand hectares of oilseed rape, sunflower, or other, but if we do not have the mass of bees to visit, we will not have any benefit. Such pastures are overfilled for a period of ten to fifteen days, so strong societies fill the hive, dried honey and shut down the cells. Central societies slowly gather, slower drought, and weaker societies, and not speak, because they often can not collect for their survival. Medium and weak bee communities would be long lasting, even at lower grazing, as in the previous decades (basil and berry after harvest, untreated area, utensils, pastures). There are no such pastures, therefore, we have to adjust to the conditions, which is only held by strong societies on the apiary, because only for them there is no bad year.
You will find the safest way to create a strong bee company in my article that was printed in a beekeeper in July 2013.
I would like to point out some more of the pleasures that bees are given to us by bees, and to which little one looks back. You must have heard that the beekeepers are long-lasting people and that it is only thanks to the work of bees. When the beekeeper leans over the open hive, he is honored with such a mild complex of scent and starts to breathe more and more in order to get more scent and fill every corner in the lungs. The fragrance that resembles the blooming lilac, the bloomed bagram, the blooming lip, you never have much, and you breathe in deeper, you want it all the more, not too strong to blame or too weak to not feel it.
And something else, in a hive, there are twenty thousand babies in cows feeding on nutritious food and they are heated to thirty five to six degrees. It means that there is a great amount of moisture and heat, and that it is a very suitable substrate for the development of various bacteria and molds. If that were not to happen, there were fumes of propolis, a natural antibiotic over which bacteria can not acquire immunity. And just the steam of propolis, which the beekeeper inhales along with the scent of hives, is responsible for beekeeping longevity. But let me remind you that these benefits are given only by strong bee communities, which is not the case with the weaker ones.
In Kikinda From a decades-long experience,
April 5, 2016 Srba Madić